Section 24 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms

Canadian Charter
of Rights and Freedoms

Part of the Constitution Act, 1982.

Preamble

Guarantee of Rights and Freedoms

1

Fundamental Freedoms

2

Democratic Rights

3, 4, 5

Mobility Rights

6

Legal Rights

7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14

Equality Rights

15

Official Languages of Canada

16, 16.1, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22

Minority Language Education Rights

23

Enforcement

24

General

25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31

Application of Charter

32, 33

Citation

34

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Section 24 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms provides remedies that are available to those whose Charter rights are shown to be violated. Some scholars have argued that it was actually section 24 that ensured that the Charter would not have the primary flaw of the 1960 Canadian Bill of Rights: Namely, Canadian judges would be reassured that they could indeed strike down statutes on the basis that they contradicted a bill of rights.[1]

Contents

1 Text
2 Remedies

2.1 Courts of competent jurisdiction

3 Exclusion of evidence

3.1 Past interpretations

4 Footnotes
5 External links

Text[edit]
Under the heading “Enforcement,” the section states:


24. (1) Anyone whose rights or freedoms, as guaranteed by this Charter, have been infringed or denied may apply to a court of competent jurisdiction to obtain such remedy as the court considers appropriate and just in the circumstances.
(2) Where, in proceedings under subsection (1), a court concludes that evidence was obtained in a manner that infringed or denied any rights or freedoms guaranteed by this Charter, the evidence shall be excluded if it is established that, having regard to all the circumstances, the admission of it in the proceedings would bring the administration of justice into disrepute.

Remedies[edit]
Subsection 24(1) must be distinguished from subsection 52(1) of the Constitution Act, 1982. Whereas section 52 allows the courts to invalidate laws or parts of laws for breaches of the constitution (including the Charter), section 24 has broader capabilities (hindered only by the “appropriate and just” requirement) and can only be invoked when a claimant’s rights are violated. Among other things, section 24 seems to give judges the power to place positive obligations upon a government,[2] as well as to enforce more imaginative remedies.
An example of an imaginative remedy can be found in the landmark case Doucet-Boudreau, (2003) 3 S.C.R. 3, as the claimants challenged t
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UCI

UCI commonly refers to:

Union Cycliste Internationale, the world governing body for the sport of cycling
University of California, Irvine, a public university in Irvine, California, United States

UCI may also refer to:

UCI Cinemas (United Cinemas International), in Austria, Germany, Italy, Portugal and Brazil
Unified Configuration Interface, a set of scripts to unify and simplify the configuration the OpenWrt operating system
Union Correctional Institution, Florida, United States
Unione Cinematografica Italiana, an Italian film company of the silent era
Universal Chess Interface, a communications protocol for chess game software
Univision Communications Inc., an American media company
Unit Compliance Inspection, a United States Air Force inspection
United Kennel Clubs International
Unlawful Command Influence, a term in American military law
Uganda Cancer Institute, a cancer treatment and research institution in Kampala, Uganda

This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title UCI.
If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article.

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Eileanchelys

Eileanchelys
Temporal range: Middle Jurassic, 164 Ma

PreЄ
Є
O
S
D
C
P
T
J
K
Pg
N

Scientific classification

Kingdom:
Animalia

Phylum:
Chordata

Class:
Reptilia

Clade:
Testudinata

Genus:
†Eileanchelys
Anquetin et al., 2009

Type species

Eileanchelys waldmani
Anquetin et al., 2009

Eileanchelys is an extinct genus of primitive turtle from the Middle Jurassic (Bathonian) period some 164 million years ago of Britain. Only one species is recorded, Eileanchelys waldmani. It is the best-represented turtle from the Middle Jurassic, because of the amount of specimens that can be assigned to it. The turtle is also one of the oldest turtles ever found to be aquatic, and might represent a milestone in turtle evolution.

Contents

1 Discovery and naming

1.1 Etymology

2 Description

2.1 Distinguishing characteristics

3 Classification
4 Paleoecology

4.1 Habitat
4.2 Fauna

5 References
6 External links

Discovery and naming[edit]
In 2009, two specimens from the National Museums of Scotland, Edinburgh, including NMS G 2004.31.15 and NMS G 2004.31.16a–f, were found to differ from other turtles from the area and age. It was decided that they represented a new genus and species, and were named Eileanchelys waldmani by Jérémy Anquetin and his colleagues. The specimen NMS G 2004.31.15 was designated as the holotype, and NMS G 2004.31.16a-f, the paratypes. NMS G 2004.31.16 includes at least five, and possibly six, different individuals, all in one block. The holotype of Eileanchelys is a partial skull. Both blocks were found in Cladach a’Ghlinne, Scotland.[1]
Etymology[edit]
Eileanchelys waldmani was named and described by Anquetin et al. in 2009. The generic name, eilean, comes from the Scottish Gaelic word for island, and chelys, from the Greek word for turtle. The species was named in honour of Dr. Michael Waldman, co-discoverer of the Cladach a’Ghlinne locality (together with the late R. J. G. Savage).[1]
Description[edit]
Eileanchelys is a small turtle, with an approximate carapace length of 250 to 300 millimetres (9.8 to 11.8 in). The preserved carapaces of Eileanchelys are all slightly crushed, but show that they were lightly domed in real life. Therefore, the morphology of its shell was similar to Kayentachelys. There is a fused connection of the carapace and plastron in Eileanchelys. The connection is not found in Heckerochelys, but is in Kayentachelys.[1]
Distinguishing characteristics[edit]
Eileanchelys is c
소라넷

Hendrix v Employee Insurance Institute

Hendrix v Employee Insurance Institute

Court
European Court of Justice

Full case name
Hendrix v Raad van Bestuur van het Uitvoeringsinstituut Werknemersverzekeringen

Citation(s)
(2007) C-287/05

Keywords

Free movement of workers

Hendrix v Raad van Bestuur van het Uitvoeringsinstituut Werknemersverzekeringen (2007) C-287/05 is an EU law case, concerning the free movement of workers in the European Union.

Contents

1 Facts
2 Judgment
3 See also
4 Notes
5 References
6 External links

Facts[edit]
Mr Hendrix claimed he should still receive incapacity benefit after he moved from Netherlands to Belgium from the Dutch Board of Directors of the Employee Insurance Institute. He continued to work in the Netherlands. Young people in the Netherlands could get incapacity benefit. This was a non-contributory benefit, reserved for people residing in the Netherlands.
Judgment[edit]
The Court of Justice, Grand Chamber, held that the incapacity benefit was a social advantage under Regulation 492/11. This was a rule specifically expressing the principle in TFEU article 45(2). This meant a residency requirement could be reviewed. In this case it was indirect discrimination, unless it could be justified. It could be justified on the facts.


54 It follows that the condition of residence attached to receipt of the benefit under the Wajong can be put forward against a person in the situation of Mr Hendrix only if it is objectively justified and proportionate to the objective pursued.
55 As the Court held in paragraph 33 of Kersbergen-Lap and Dams-Schipper, the Wajong benefit is closely linked to the socio-economic situation of the Member State concerned, since it is based on the minimum wage and standard of living in the Netherlands. Further, that benefit is one of the special non-contributory benefits referred to in Article 4(2a) in conjunction with Article 10a of Regulation No 1408/71, which the persons to whom that regulation applies receive exclusively within the territory of the Member State in which they reside and in accordance with the legislation of that State. It follows that the condition of residence as such, laid down in the national legislation, is objectively justified.
56 It is also necessary that the application of such a condition does not entail an infringement of the rights which a person in the situation of Mr Hendrix derives from freedom of movement for workers which goes beyond what is required to achieve the legitimate objective purs
BJ야동

Arctic Red River Water Aerodrome

Arctic Red River Water Aerodrome

IATA: none
ICAO: none
TC LID: CES6

Summary

Airport type
Public

Operator
Tsiigehtichie Charter Community

Location
Arctic Red River, Northwest Territories

Time zone
MST (UTC−07:00)

 • Summer (DST)
MDT (UTC−06:00)

Elevation AMSL
21 ft / 6 m

Coordinates
67°27′N 135°45′W / 67.450°N 135.750°W / 67.450; -135.750Coordinates: 67°27′N 135°45′W / 67.450°N 135.750°W / 67.450; -135.750

Map

CES6

Location in the Northwest Territories

Runways

Direction
Length
Surface

ft
m

n/a
n/a
n/a
Water

Source: Water Aerodrome Supplement[1]

Arctic Red River Water Aerodrome (TC LID: CES6) was a seasonal airstrip adjacent to Arctic Red River, Northwest Territories, Canada on the MacKenzie River and was open from the middle of June until the middle of October.
References[edit]

^ Nav Canada’s Water Aerodrome Supplement. Effective 0901Z 7 March 2013 to 0901Z 3 April 2014

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Airports in Canada

By name

A–B
C–D
E–G
H–K
L–M
N–Q
R–S
T–Z

By location indicator

CA
CB
CC
CD
CE
CF
CG
CH
CI
CJ
CK
CL
CM
CN
CO
CP
CR
CS
CT
CV
CW
CY
CZ

By province/territory

AB
BC
MB
NB
NL
NS
NT
NU
ON
PE
QC
SK
YT

By region

Okanagan

National Airports System

Calgary
Charlottetown
Edmonton
Fredericton
Gander
Halifax
Iqaluit
Kelowna
London
Moncton
Montréal–Mirabel
Montréal–Trudeau
Ottawa
Prince George
Québec
Regina
Saint John
St. John’s
Saskatoon
Thunder Bay
Toronto
Vancouver
Victoria
Whitehorse
Winnipeg
Yellowknife

Related

List of airports by ICAO code: C
List of the busiest airports in Canada
List of defunct airports in Canada
List of heliports in Canada
List of international airports in Canada
Operation Yellow Ribbon

Category
Portal
WikiProject

This article about an airport in the Northwest Territories is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.

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Test Channel 6

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Test Channel 6 is an experimental television channel jointly operated by the BBC, ITV, Channel 4 and Five. These networks recruited a few hundred volunteer homes for an experimental technical trial to see how high-definition television could work on the Freeview digital service.
Currently, the channel is only available in London and the receiver must have a special Freeview set-top-box.

This article on a United Kingdom television channel is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.

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Sujitha

Sujitha

Born
Sujitha
(1983-07-12) July 12, 1983 (age 33)[1]
Thiruvananthapuram

Residence
Pollachi[2]

Nationality
Indian

Occupation
Actress

Years active
1983–present

Spouse(s)
Dhanush

Parent(s)
T.S Mani (father)
Radha (mother)

Relatives
Director Surya Kiran – (Brother)
Actress Kalyani – (Sister-in-law)

Sujitha is a television actress who acted in Tamil, Telugu and Malayalam TV serials. She is known in Kerala families as “Unnimaya” of the superhit Asianet TV serial Harichandanam.[3] She also acted in some Telugu, Tamil, Kannada and Malayalam, movies.[4][5][6] She worked for more than 100 films and television shows in South Indian languages and also in Hindi.[2]

Contents

1 Early life
2 Personal life
3 Career
4 Television
5 Partial filmography
6 Advertisements
7 Awards
8 References
9 External links

Early life[edit]
She is born to Malayali parents T.S Mani and Radha at Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.[7] She has an elder brother and a younger sister.[1]She is the sister of director Surya Kiran who married actress Kalyani.[8]
Personal life[edit]
She married to Ad Film Maker Dhanush and they both settled in Pollachii.[2] The couple have a child.[9]
Career[edit]
She started her acting even before knowing what is cinema and camera.[1] She first appeared in the film, Abbhas as the granddaughter of K. R. Vijaya when she was just 41 days old.[2]
Television[edit]

Serial/Program
Role
Channel
Language
Notes

Kaanaakkinaavu[10]
Maya
Surya TV
Malayalam

Swantham Malootty[11]
Malootty
Surya TV
Malayalam

Devimahathmyam
Devi
Asianet
Malayalam
Dubbed into Tamil as Adiparashakthi

Kanavarukaaga[12]
Sandhya
Sun TV
Tamil

Harichandanam
Unnimaya
Asianet
Malayalam
Won, Asianet Television awards 2011 – Best actress (special jury)

Kalisundam raa
Tulasi
Gemini TV
Telugu

Kalavari Kodalu
Kusuma
Gemini TV
Telugu

Gangotri

Gemini TV
Telugu

Sundara Kanda
Sneha
Gemini TV
Telugu
Dubbed into Tamil asAsoakavanam/Sundarakanda [13]

Maharani (TV series)[14]
Maha
STAR Vijay
Tamil

Maruthani
Meenatchi
Sun TV
Tamil

Veruthe alla Bharya season 2
Judge
Mazhavil Manorama
Malayalam

Indira
Indira
Mazhavil Manorama
Malayalam
Replaced by Gayathri Arun

Veruthe alla Bharya season 3
Judge
Mazhavil Manorama
Malayalam
Replaced by Reshmi Soman

Vilakku Vacha Nerathula[15]
Pavithira
Kalaignar TV
Tamil[16]

Mythili[17]

Kalaignar TV
Tamil

Odi Vilayadu Mummy
Host
Puthuyugam TV
Tamil

Oru Kai Osai
Akhila
Zee Tamil
Tamil

Bhairavi Aavigalukku
춘자넷

Six Degrees of Kevin Bacon

Six Degrees of Kevin Bacon is a parlour game based on the “six degrees of separation” concept, which posits that any two people on Earth are six or fewer acquaintance links apart. Movie buffs challenge each other to find the shortest path between an arbitrary actor and prolific character actor Kevin Bacon. It rests on the assumption that anyone involved in the Hollywood film industry can be linked through their film roles to Bacon within six steps. The game requires a group of players to try to connect any such individual to Kevin Bacon as quickly as possible and in as few links as possible. In 2007, Bacon started a charitable organization named SixDegrees.org.

Contents

1 History
2 Bacon numbers

2.1 Undefined Bacon numbers

3 Center of the Hollywood Universe
4 Photography book
5 See also
6 Notes
7 External links

History[edit]
In a January 1994 Premiere magazine interview about the film The River Wild, Kevin Bacon commented that he had worked with everybody in Hollywood or someone who’s worked with them.[citation needed] On April 7, 1994, a lengthy newsgroup thread headed “Kevin Bacon is the Center of the Universe” appeared.[1] The game was created in early 1994 by three Albright College students, Craig Fass, Brian Turtle, and Mike Ginelli. According to an interview with the three in the spring 1999 issue of the college’s magazine, The Albright Reporter, they were watching Footloose during a heavy snowstorm. When the film was followed by The Air Up There, they began to speculate on how many movies Bacon had been in and the number of people he had worked with. In the interview, Brian Turtle said, “It became one of our stupid party tricks I guess. People would throw names at us and we’d connect them to Kevin Bacon.”
The trio wrote a letter to talk show host Jon Stewart, telling him that “Kevin Bacon was the center of the entertainment universe” and explaining the game.[2] They appeared on The Jon Stewart Show and The Howard Stern Show with Bacon to explain the game. Bacon admitted that he initially disliked the game because he believed it was ridiculing him, but he eventually came to enjoy it. The three inventors released a book, Six Degrees of Kevin Bacon (ISBN 9780452278448), with an introduction written by Bacon.[2] A board game based on the concept was released by Endless Games.
Bacon also appeared in a commercial for the Visa check card that parodied the game. In the commercial, Bacon wants to write a check to buy a book, but the clerk asks for
부산오피

Roger Ewing

Roger Ewing

Born
(1942-01-12) January 12, 1942 (age 75)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.

Nationality
American

Occupation
Actor; Photographer

Years active
1964–1972 (as actor)

Height
6’4″

Roger Ewing (born January 12, 1942) is a former actor originally from Los Angeles, California.[1]

Contents

1 Biography
2 Other roles
3 Filmography
4 References

Biography[edit]
Ewing is best remembered for his characterization of part-time deputy marshal Clayton Thaddeus “Thad” Greenwood in thirty-six episodes (October 2, 1965 – September 25, 1967) of the long-running CBS western television series Gunsmoke with James Arness.
In his first episode “Clayton Thaddeus Greenwood”, Ewing’s character arrives in Dodge City, Kansas, the location of the series, from Oklahoma with a warrant he is unable to execute. Among Ewing’s last Gunsmoke appearances were on episodes entitled “The Prodigal”, “Nitro” (Parts 1 and 2), “Ladies from St. Louis” and “Mistaken Identity”. Before he was cast as Thad, Ewing appeared on Gunsmoke once in the role of Ben Lukens in the episode “Song for Dying”, which aired on February 13, 1965.[2]
Other roles[edit]
Ewing’s first television appearance was in 1964 as Marvin Grogan on ABC’s sitcom Bewitched (starring Elizabeth Montgomery) in the episode entitled “The Girl Reporter”. He also appeared that season as Eddie Fox in the episode “The Christmas Show” of ABC’s short-lived The Bing Crosby Show, starring Bing Crosby and Beverly Garland, and in a third sitcom as well in the role of Norman in the episode entitled “Look Who’s a Sailor” on CBS’s short-lived The Baileys of Balboa.[2]
In 1965, Ewing, at twenty-three, appeared as Private Swensholm in the World War II film None but the Brave starring Frank Sinatra and Clint Walker. That same year, he appeared as Billy Wallace in the episode “The Calf Women” of CBS’s western Rawhide starring Eric Fleming and Clint Eastwood.[2]
After his Gunsmoke role ended, Ewing appeared in two films: as Donald Maxwell in the western production Smith! starring Glenn Ford (1969) and as Nelson in Play It As It Lays, a psychiatric drama starring Tuesday Weld and Anthony Perkins (1972).[2] Also in 1969, Ewing was a celebrity contestant on an episode of The Dating Game in which the eligible bachelorette was future actress Lindsay Wagner.
He also made a guest starring appearance on the sitcom The Mothers-in-Law as a wealthy former boyfriend of the character played by Deborah Walley.
Ewing’s Gunsmoke character
BJ모음

Voacanga foetida

Voacanga foetida

Scientific classification

Kingdom:
Plantae

(unranked):
Angiosperms

(unranked):
Eudicots

(unranked):
Asterids

Order:
Gentianales

Family:
Apocynaceae

Subfamily:
Rauvolfioideae

Tribe:
Tabernaemontaneae

Genus:
Voacanga

Species:
V. foetida

Binomial name

Voacanga foetida
(Blume) Rolfe

Synonyms[1]

Dicrus foetidus Reinw. ex Blume
Orchipeda foetida Blume
Vinca foetida Noronha

Voacanga foetida grows as a tree up to 20 metres (70 ft) high, with a trunk diameter of up to 40 centimetres (16 in). The bark is grey, whitish brown or grey-brown. Its unpleasant-smelling flowers feature a white corolla. Fruit is up to 11 cm (4 in) in diameter. The specific epithet foetida is from the Latin meaning “evil-smelling”. Habitat is forest from sea-level to 600 metres (2,000 ft) altitude.[2] V. foetida is found in Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines.[2][3]
References[edit]

^ “Voacanga foetida”. The Plant List. Retrieved 20 August 2013. 
^ a b Middleton, David J. (September 2004). “Voacanga foetida (Blume) Rolfe” (PDF). In Soepadmo, E.; Saw, L. G.; Chung, R. C. K. Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak. (free online from the publisher, lesser resolution scan PDF versions). 5. Forest Research Institute Malaysia. pp. 59, 61. ISBN 983-2181-59-3. Retrieved 20 August 2013. 
^ “Voacanga foetida”. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 20 August 2013. 

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